Photo: Courtesy of SHRMP Science Team and NURTEC at
University of Connecticut
Cusk (Brosme brosme) are a National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) "species of concern," as well as a "candidate species" under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as we are currently conducting a status review on the species. We are also involved in various proactive conservation initiatives described below to obtain more information on this data poor species to assess its status and further conservation efforts. These initiatives involve cooperative efforts with industry, scientists, and other partners to learn more about cusk.
In December 2011, a 2-day workshop on "Proactive Conservation Planning for Northwest Atlantic Cusk" was held. This workshop was conducted at our request and with funding from our program, and coordinated by the Gulf of Maine Research Institute (GMRI). It was designed to provide a forum for the exchange of information on cusk and its habitat, as well as methods to mitigate and reduce bycatch impacts to aid in the conservation of this species. A wide range of participants with backgrounds in science, management and commercial and recreational fishing were invited to share information and gain a better understanding of cusk in the Gulf of Maine.
Climate Change Assessment
We have been working with staff from the NMFS Northeast Fisheries Science Center, NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory and Earth System Research Laboratory, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the University of Connecticut to understand the potential effects of climate change on cusk. The goal of the project was to gather information on the potential impacts of climate change on the species in U.S. Atlantic and Canadian shelf waters. The results of this study were recently published.
Cusk Barotrauma Research
In order to address an existing data gap for cusk, we provided funding for a preliminary study to test the experimental protocol for assessing the impacts of barotrauma on the survival rates of discarded cusk in the lobster trap fishery. Barotrauma was a topic of discussion at the December 2011 Cusk Workshop (see summary above), and identified as an area for further research. The University of Maine was contracted to conduct this study and has been coordinating with Maine Department of Marine Resources and Maine lobstermen. A detailed report is available here.
Data-Poor Species Survey
We coordinated with the Northeast Fisheries Science Center on the development of a bottom longline survey for stocks associated with complex rocky habitat in the western and central Gulf of Maine, including several data poor stocks that are also ESA species of concern. The Northeast Fisheries Science Center was awarded funds for the study through a NMFS FY13 Cooperative Research Solicitation. The study will focus on areas of complex rocky habitat that are not sampled by mobile trawl gear and will address concerns about the catchability of specific species collected during bottom trawl surveys for important groundfish stocks, and will immediately enhance data collection for several data poor stocks and species of concern that are specifically associated with rocky habitat. Data from the survey will provide critical information to assist in conservation and fill-in gaps in life history information for these species. Additional information will be posted on this site when it becomes available.
We initiated a status review due to concerns over the status of and threats to cusk. We have been working in collaboration with our partners to try and address data gaps that have been identified throughout the course of reviewing the status of this extremely data poor species, and we have been working to proactively implement conservation measures to try and address some of the known threats (particularly, bycatch and barotrauma).