Summary of Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) Designation

 

10 x 10 Square Coordinates:

Boundary

North

East

South

West

Coordinate

41° 20.0 N

72° 10.0 W

41° 10.0 N

72° 20.0 W

 

Square Description (i.e. habitat, landmarks, coastline markers): The waters within the square within the Connecticut River estuary affecting the following: from Poverty Point of Old Lyme, CT., to Millstone Point east of Niantic Bay, and waters south of the following Connecticut towns: Old Lyme, Lyme, Black Hall, Sound View. These waters also affect the following: Niantic Bay, the opening to the Black Hall River, the opening to the Pataguansett River, Black Point, Hatchett Point, and Griswold Point, and Eastern Great Island. Also affected is Plum Island, which is U. S. Government owned and closed to the public, along with other small reefs and islands including the following: Hatchett Reef, N. Brother, S. Brother, Black Buoys, Little Rock, White Rock, Waterford I., Black Rock, Three Foot Rock, and Wigwam Rock.

 

Species

Eggs

Larvae

Juveniles

Adults

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

   

X

X

Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)

       

haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)

       

pollock (Pollachius virens)

   

X

X

whiting (Merluccius bilinearis)

       

offshore hake (Merluccius albidus)

       

red hake (Urophycis chuss)

X

X

X

X

white hake (Urophycis tenuis)

       

redfish (Sebastes fasciatus)

n/a

     

witch flounder (Glyptocephalus cynoglossus)

       

winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)

X

X

X

X

yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea)

       

windowpane flounder (Scophthalmus aquosus)

X

X

X

X

American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides)

       

ocean pout (Macrozoarces americanus)

       

Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)

       

Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus)

       

Atlantic sea herring (Clupea harengus)

   

X

X

monkfish (Lophius americanus)

       

bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix)

   

X

X

long finned squid (Loligo pealeii)

n/a

n/a

   

short finned squid (Illex illecebrosus)

n/a

n/a

   

Atlantic butterfish (Peprilus triacanthus)

       

Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus)

       

summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus)

       

scup (Stenotomus chrysops)

n/a

n/a

   

black sea bass (Centropristis striata)

n/a

     

surf clam (Spisula solidissima)

n/a

n/a

   

ocean quahog (Artica islandica)

n/a

n/a

   

spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias)

n/a

n/a

   

tilefish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps)

       

king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla)

X

X

X

X

Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus)

X

X

X

X

cobia (Rachycentron canadum)

X

X

X

X

sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus)

X