Summary of Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) Designation

10 x 10 Square Coordinates:

Boundary

North

East

South

West

Coordinate

41° 20.0 N

72° 20.0 W

41° 10.0 N

72° 30.0 W

Square Description (i.e. habitat, landmarks, coastline markers): The waters within the square within the Connecticut River estuary affecting the following: the Connecticut River, Westbrook and Old Saybrook, CT., the Patchogue and Menunketesuck Rivers, western Great I., Ferry Pt., Cornfield Pt., North Cove, Saybrook Pt., Lynde Neck and Guardhouse Pt., Chapman Pt., Old Kelsey Pt., Duck I., the Duck Island Roads and Menunketesuck I. Also affected are: Westbrook Harbor, eastern Six Mile Reef, and Long Sand Shoal, Hen and Chickens, Crane Reef, Half Tide Rock, and Cornfield Pt. Shoal. Finally, there is a dumping ground towards the southeast corner, south of the Connecticut River. These waters also affect the following features: South Cove, Fenwick, CT., Lynde Pt., Knollwood, CT., Plum Bank Beach, Ragged Rock, Calves I., Back River, southwest Liutenant River, Saybrook Shoal Channel, Saybrook Shoal, Gibraltar Rock, Dickerson Pier, Sodom Rocks, Shifting Shoal, Griswold Piers, Oyster River, Back River (different from above in list), Indian Town, CT., Chapman Neck, CT., Cold Spring Brook, Saltworks Bay, Money Pt., and Long Rock.

Species

Eggs

Larvae

Juveniles

Adults

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

   

X

X

Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)

       

haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)

       

pollock (Pollachius virens)

   

X

X

whiting (Merluccius bilinearis)

       

offshore hake (Merluccius albidus)

       

red hake (Urophycis chuss)

X

X

X

X

white hake (Urophycis tenuis)

       

redfish (Sebastes fasciatus)

n/a

     

witch flounder (Glyptocephalus cynoglossus)

       

winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)

       

yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea)

       

windowpane flounder (Scophthalmus aquosus)

X

X

X

X

American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides)

       

ocean pout (Macrozoarces americanus)

       

Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)

       

Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus)

       

Atlantic sea herring (Clupea harengus)

   

X

X

monkfish (Lophius americanus)

     

bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix)

   

X

X

long finned squid (Loligo pealeii)

n/a

n/a

   

short finned squid (Illex illecebrosus)

n/a

n/a

   

Atlantic butterfish (Peprilus triacanthus)

       

Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus)

       

summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus)

       

scup (Stenotomus chrysops)

n/a

n/a

   

black sea bass (Centropristis striata)

n/a

     

surf clam (Spisula solidissima)

n/a

n/a

   

ocean quahog (Artica islandica)

n/a

n/a

   

spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias)

n/a

n/a

   

tilefish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps)

       

king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla)

X

X

X

X

Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus)

X

X

X

X

cobia (Rachycentron canadum)

X

X

X

X

sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus)

X